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4G and 5G frequencies

The range of a 5G network on the 3.5 GHz frequency band is just over one kilometer, but the range may be almost two kilometers with good terrain conditions and the use of an antenna. Telecommunications companies are building 5G base stations in the centers of cities on the 3.5 GHz frequency band, and over time, 5G signals will also be transmitted on the 700 MHz frequency band, with a range of up to 10 kilometers on this frequency band.

The number of users on the network and the amount of data being transmitted simultaneously affects the transmission speed. Anyone using a 4G/5G signal near a particular base station shares the 4G/5G network with others in the nearby area. When there are many active users in an area covered by a single base station, each user's connection may be weakened due to network congestion.

Compared to 4G, 5G networks offer higher transmission speeds, wider bandwidth, and lower latency between devices and servers using the technology.

However, a personal 4G/5G connection can be strengthened with an antenna booster. This is done by connecting an external 4G/5G antenna to the 4G/5G router.

You can check the coverage of 5G in your area from your telecommunications provider's base station map, customer service, or the map service.

Here is a table of the frequency bands used for 4G and 5G:

Frequency bandTechnologyUse
700 MHzLTE4G, later also 5G network, range 4G/5G up to 10 km
800 MHzLTE4G
1800 MHzGSM UTRA LTE3G, GSM, 4G, 4G+
2 GHzUTRA LTE 5G NR3G, 3G/4G Dual Carrier
2.6 GHzLTE 5G NR4G, 4G+
3.5 GHz5G NR5G, network expansion, range approx. 1-2 km from transmitter

The most common 4G and 5G bands used in Europe are:

  • LTE 700 MHz (urban and rural areas)
  • LTE 800 MHz (urban and rural areas)
  • 3G 900 MHz (urban and rural areas)
  • GSM 900 MHz (urban and rural areas)
  • 3G 1800 MHz (urban areas)
  • GSM 1800 MHz (urban areas)
  • LTE 1800 MHz (urban areas)
  • 4G+/LTE-A 800+1800 MHz (urban and suburban areas)
  • 3G 2100 MHz (urban areas)
  • 3G/4G Dual Carrier 2100 MHz (urban areas)
  • WLAN/WiFi 2.4 GHz
  • LTE 2600 MHz (urban areas)
  • 4G+/LTE-A 1800+2600 MHz (urban and suburban areas)
  • 5G 3.5 GHz (grid areas and urban areas)

Learn more about common antenna knowledge:

Antenna Guide is a collection of Nordic Antenna articles related to choosing the right antenna, antenna installation, and antenna alignment. You can also find general information about TV and 4G/5G issues in our guides.

Learn more about common antenna knowledge from our guides below:

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